EXPLORING ACCENTUAL FUNCTION IN THE SPEECH OF PRESIDENT SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO IN THE 21st APEC ECONOMIC LEADERS MEETING 2013: DISCOURSE - PHONOLOGY PERSPECTIVE

NINA LISTIAWATI, (2015) EXPLORING ACCENTUAL FUNCTION IN THE SPEECH OF PRESIDENT SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO IN THE 21st APEC ECONOMIC LEADERS MEETING 2013: DISCOURSE - PHONOLOGY PERSPECTIVE. Bachelor thesis, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon.

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Abstract

Nina Listiawati. 14111310156. Exploring Accentual Function in the Speech of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in the 21st APEC Economic Leaders Meeting 2013: Discourse – Phonology Perspective This research was conducted within the spirit of discourse –phonology which concern with the study of the relationship between the language and the context that is used in spoken discourse. This study was investigated the three primary system of intonation (T3) used by speaker. Those are what tonality tells about unit of information (tonality), focus of information (tonicity) and status of information (tone) then how accentual function of intonation constructed by speaker. This study was designed in discourse analyses in phonological persfective which is taken from one of president in Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono under the title “Points for Press Conference President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the end in the 21st APEC Economic Leaders Meeting 2013”. The data of the research is taken from selecting a single speech of spoken discourse. The data collected by video recording then converted into audio form of WAV then segmented using PRAAT software analysis. The analysis of data by using contextual method. The process of analysis is constructed based on : (1). The division theory of information unit in the systematic functional grammar level (SFG) (2). The common pattern of tonality, tonicity and tone by Dorothy M chun and MAK Halliday, (3). The accentual function of intonation as found in the speech based on phonology perspective and textual metafunction. The result of this analysis shows that there are different speaker’s division of message using systematic functional grammar level. There are four units of data as found in the system of tonality. There are 63 units of information. 31 units of information or (49%) as dependent and 32 units of information or (51%) as independent. The tone unit which constructed by the speaker also 63 clauses, the markedness of tonality which consists of umarked tonality (32%) and marked (68%) that is constructed by the speaker. Then, 32 units as finite or (51%) and 31 units of information as non finite or (49%). In the types of clauses the speaker put (21%) for noun clause, (73%) for adjective clause, and adverbial clause is (6%). There are three common patterns of tonicity and two kinds of markedness of tonicity where speaker focus of given-new (G-N), given-new-given (GNG), and new-given (NG) as found in the speech. The speaker put (22%) for G-N information, (59%) in G-N-G and (19%) in N-G. The common patterns of markedness of tonicity which is produced by the speaker are unmarked tonicity 10 clauses (16%) and marked tonicity 53 clauses or (84%).The common patterns are: (29%) as Major Information , (11%) as Minor Information, (26%) as Incomplete Information, (25%) as Highlighting of Theme and (9%) as Implied information. Then, the common types of tones that constructed by speaker categorized into 5 types are Fall (F) that got (17%) or 9 units of information, Rise (R) that got (9%) or 5 units of information, Rise-Fall (RF) is (29%) or 16 units of information, 15 units of information for Fall-Rise (FR) or (10%), and Level is 10 units of information or (18%). Accentual function tells how the focus of information or the most prominent on the stressed syllable. The ways to analyze the accentual function of intonation is seen from the primary stress, the context of textual metafunction where the speaker put 55 stresses in the clause of the speech. Then, the types of multiple theme that includes three elements are experiental theme (43%), interpersonal theme (17%) and textual theme (40%). Then, marked and unmarked theme. Marked theme for about (79%) and unmarked theme (21%). All of the result shows how speaker perceives the message into more than one unit of information in each clause andperceives to put the focus information in the place that the word or syllable is important and interrelated to accentual function of intonation. Key words: Tonality, Tonicity, Tone, Accentual function of Intonation

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Subjects: Pendidikan > Pendidikan (Umum) > Model Pembelajaran
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > 3. Tadris Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: rosyidah rosyidah rosyidah
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 04:02
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 04:02
URI: http://repository.syekhnurjati.ac.id/id/eprint/2903

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