EXPLORING ATTITUDINAL FUNCTION OF NELSON MANDELA’S PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION SPEECH: DISCOURSE- PHONOLOGY PERSPECTIVE

PUTRI KHUMAEROH, (2015) EXPLORING ATTITUDINAL FUNCTION OF NELSON MANDELA’S PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION SPEECH: DISCOURSE- PHONOLOGY PERSPECTIVE. Bachelor thesis, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon.

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Abstract

Putri Khumaeroh. 141110053. Exploring Attitudinal Function of Nelson Mandela’s Presidential Inauguration Speech: Discourse-Phonology Perfective. This research aims to find out how the attitudinal intonation is constructed by the speaker. Study of document becomes the technique of this research. This research also takes a qualitative method in analyzing data where the data is taken from you-tube and Nelson Mandela as a main data source to be analyzed in this research. There are some steps to analyze the data. The researcher analyzed the clause construction that consists of dependent and independent clause. Then, analyzed the tonality system that consists of tone group, markedness of tonality (unmarked and marked), finiteness, and types of clause. Then, the researcher analyzed the tonicity system that consists of new and given information and also markedness of tonicity. Further, the researcher analyzed the tone system based on PRAAT system that will be connected to the attitudinal intonation based on primary stress and interpersonal context. This research was conducted within the spirit of discourse –phonology which concern with the study of the relationship between the language and the context in which is used that are attitudinal function and three primary of intonation (T3) used by speaker where 3T are knowing the common patterns of tonality in speaker’s speech and knowing what tonality tells about unit of information (tonality), focus of information (tonicity) and status of information (tone). Design of the research is discourse analyses in phonological persfective which is taken from one of public speeches that is Nelson Mandela as a president in south Africa under the title “Inauguration Speech”. The data of the research is taken from selecting a single EFL learner of spoken discourse. The data collected by video recording and converted into audio in the form of WAV then segmented using PRAAT software analysis. The data is analyzes by contextual method.The analyses process is constructed based on : (1). The division theory of information unit in the systematic functional grammar level (SFG)and intonation level by Tench, (2). The common pattern of tonality, tonicity and tone by Dorothy M chun and MAK Halliday, (3). The attitudinal intonation as found in the speech based on phonology perspective and interpersonal metafunction. The result of this analysis shows that there are different speaker’s division of message between systematic functional grammar level and intonation level. There are four elements as found in the system of tonality. Those are, there are 96 units of information independent 46 (48%)and independent clauses 50 clauses (52%). The tone unit which constructed by the speaker also 96 clauses, the markedness of tonality, umarked tonality (64%) and marked (36%)that is constructed by the speaker, in the types of tones the speaker put (22%) for noun clause. (31%) for adjective clause, and (47%). Then, in the fininiteness of verb the speaker put finite verb 77 clauses (79%)and nonfinite 20 clauses (21%). Thre are four common patterns of tonicity and two kinds of markedness of tonicity where speaker focus of new (N), given-new (GV), given-newgiven (GNG), and new-given (NG)as found in the speech. The speaker put (12%) for new of information, GN in (3%), GNG in (62%), and NG in (23%).The common patterns of markedness of tonicity which is produced by the speaker are unmarked tonicity 20 clauses (17%) and marked tonicity 96 clauses (83%).The common pattern of status of information (tone) in 101 units of information. The common patterns are: (59%) units as Major Information , 10(10%) units as Minor Information ,14 (14%) units as Incomplete Information, 11 (11%) units as Highlighting of Theme and 6 (6%) units as Implication . iii Then, the common types of tones that constructed by speaker categorized into 5 types are Fall (F) that got (41%), Rise (R) that got (23%), Rise-Fall (RF) THAT GOT (9%), Fall- Rise (FR) that got (10%), and Level that got (17%0. Attitudinal intonation tells how emotion expresses speaker’s attitude. The common ways to analyze the attitudinal intonation is seen from the primary stress and the context of interpersonal metafunction where the speaker put 101 stresses in the clause of the speech. Then, the common patterns of interpersonal metafunction has two kinds elements are mood structure that speaker focused on declarative clause (95%), and imperative clause (5%) as found in the speech. Then, the degree of modality in interpersonal metafunction also get a big attention from the speaker where the speaker put Low modality 18% as found in the speech and 82% for middle modality. All of the result shows how speaker perceives the message into more than one unit of information in each clause and perceives to put the focus information in the place that the word or syllable is importantand interrelated to attitudinal intonation. Key words: Tonality, Tonicity, Tone, Attitudinal Intonation.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Subjects: Pendidikan > Pendidikan (Umum) > Model Pembelajaran
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > 3. Tadris Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: rosyidah rosyidah rosyidah
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 06:51
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 06:51
URI: http://repository.syekhnurjati.ac.id/id/eprint/2910

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